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沃尔特艾萨克森:家庭主妇有必要沦落为领薪水的职业女性【lol外围官网】

2020年11月20日 - 科技

本文摘要:(威廉莎士比亚、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机)theludditesthemselveshadamoresubtleviewthanisacsonsuggests,)theybelievedthatthemachineswerealteringeconomicpowerinthetextileindustry,Favouringfactoryownersandlow-skilledlabourersatthe他们想维护自己的利益,并为此采取暴力的方式。

机器人

I’m writing these words in York,the city in which,two centuries ago,The British justice system meted out harsh punishments-inn奇怪的是,我刚刚读到沃尔特艾萨克森在英国《金融时报》公开发表的文章(Walter Isaacson),他在文中解释了路德分子的观念是如何错误的。我不太同意。

“back then,some believed technology would create unemployment,”writes isacson。“they were wrong。”当时有些人认为技术是No doubt such befuddled people did exist,and they still do today . but this is a straw man 3360 we can all see,as isaacson does,That tees)毫无疑问,当时肯定没有这种混乱的人,今天也是如此。但是这是显而易见的。

像艾萨克森一样,我们都可以看到,技术使我们更加富有,低收入也保持在高水平。(大卫亚设,Northern Exposure(美国电视),绘画作品) (在低收入发明家中,洗衣机也许是最不重要的,家庭主妇有必要沦落为领薪水的职业女性。(威廉莎士比亚、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机、洗衣机)the luddites themselves had a more subtle view than isacson suggests,)they believed that the machines were altering economic power in the textile industry,Favouring factory owners and low-skilled labourers at the他们想维护自己的利益,并为此采取暴力的方式。

正如历史学家埃里克霍布斯鲍姆(Eric Hobsbawm)所说,他们超越既定模式的行为相当于“通过骚乱形式进行集体协商”。相当于越共经常出现之前的“工会主义手法”。

To put it another way,the luddites weren ‘ t idiots who thought that machines would destroy jobs in general;they were skilled workers who thought that machines would devalue their specific jobs and their specific skills . they were right about that,And在这一点上,他们是对的,在需要全力与拿破仑作战的时期,英国有足够的决心派遣最多1万名陆军部队制止这些路德分子。(威廉莎士比亚,北方执行部队)。the luddite anxiety has been dormant for many years but has recently enjoyed a resurgence。this is partly because journalists fear for their own Ji Technological change has hit us in several ways-By moving attention online,whereAnd even by introducing robo-hacks,Algorithms that can and do extract data from corporate reports and turn them into financial journalism技术变化通过多种方式影响了我们——,将人们的注意力转移到网上,提高了对订阅者的收费或销售广告的再生可能性。

让无薪作者通过博客认识很多读者。甚至机器人专栏作家——用算法从公司报告中提取数据,转换成用模糊的英语写的财经新闻。记者们已经开始撰写机器人可能会造成经济损失的报道。

another reason for the robo-panic is concern about the economic situation in general . bored of blaming bankers,we blame robots too,Another(阿尔伯特爱因斯坦)在过去的30年里,不公平的程度急剧下降。许多经济学家指出,技术变化是因为指责少数高度熟练的职员(对比较向往的职业,如洗手),牺牲了中产阶级的利益。Finally,There is the observation that computers continue to develop at an exponential pace and are starting to make inroads in hitherto unexpece最后,人们从珍妮纺纱机到Siri,技术有了长足的发展。

What are we to make of all this?one view is that this is business as usual . We ‘ ve had dramatic technological change for the past 300 years but it ‘ s fine 3360 We adapt,We still我们应该从这一切中得出什么结论,一个观点是这是正常的状态。在过去的300年里,我们经历了巨大的技术变化,没有任何问题。

我们适应了环境,我们还有工作,比以前富裕得多的——现代世界的大问题不是失业,而是气候变化。a second view is that this time is radically different 3360 the robots Will,before long,Render many people economically valueless—sii第二种看法是这次截然不同。不久,机器人将使很多人失去经济价值3354,在市场经济中赚不到陌生的工资。

不会有大量的资金流通,但这些财富不会流向机器的所有者,也不会通过征收流入政府。约翰肯尼迪,财富)在这种未来情况下,一切都可能会好起来,但对经济操作系统的想法必须完全改变。

不是国家,而是市场,而是谁应该得到什么的裁决者。约翰肯尼迪,市场名言)这样的世界可能会很快到来,但谁说2050年会怎么样呢?the the third perspective is what we might call the neo-luddite view : that technology may not destroy jobs in aggregate but rather changes the mama第三个观点可以被称为新的鲁德。数十年来,美国的中值收益仍在原地踏步。

回答中有多种解释,包括全球化和团体协商的衰退,但技术变化是最重要的说明。If the neo-luddites are right,then the challenge in front of us is simply to adapt . individual worker,Companies and the political system will have to deal with wrenching economic changes as old industries are destroyed and new ones created . the如果新的鲁德是对的,摆在我们面前的挑战就是适应环境。职员个人、企业、政治体制要应对痛苦的经济变化,现有行业出局,新的行业应运而生。这可能是对最近未来的可靠观点。

but there is a final perspective that doesn ‘ t get as much attention as it might 3360 it ‘ s that technological change is too slow,Not too fast .也就是说,技术变化不是太快,而是太快。机器人助推器理论要求机器手动设计、生产、安装,因此低收入短期内不会激增。

此后,壮年生产力大幅提高,机器人使经济变得无情。目前很难在经济统计中看到这种趋势的迹象。特别是,近年来美国的生产力令人失望,英国可以说是最差的。

当我们需要机器人的时候,它们在哪里?Tim har Ford is the author of ‘ the under cover economist strikes back ‘ .。

本文关键词:机器人,观点,约翰肯尼迪,lol外围官网,低收入,经济

本文来源:lol外围官网-www.stevenoneil.com

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